About Celiac Disease

About Celiac Disease

Medical Facts 

  • Celiac disease affects 1% of the population, although the majority of celiac individuals are currently undiagnosed.
  • Celiac disease is not an allergy, it’s an autoimmune disease.
    Genes + Environmental Trigger = Autoimmune Insult
  • Celiac Disease is unique because it’s the only auto-immune disorder where medical professionals know the environmental trigger, which is gluten.

Symptoms of Celiac Disease

 

According The Canadian Celiac Association the following are possible symptoms.

  Indigestion and Nausea   Migraine   Indigestion and nausea
  Abdominal bloating, pain, cramping or gas   Lactose Intolerance   Anemia
  Extreme weakness & fatigue   Constipation   Weight Loss
  Deficiency of Vitamins   Mouth ulcers / canker sores   Bone / Joint pain
  Recurring / persistent diarrhea   Swelling of ankles and hands   Depression
  Menstrual irregularities   Infertility / miscarriages

 

Additional Symptoms in Children

  Delayed growth   Delayed puberty   Vomiting
  Irritability & behavioural changes   Dental enamel abnormalities

 

What happens when someone with celiac disease eats gluten

 

When someone with celiac disease ingests any gluten, even small amounts, an immunological response is triggered. This causes damage in the small intestines and the villi break.

  • Villi: “one of the minute finger-shaped processes of the mucous membrane of the small intestine that serve in the absorption of nutriment”
  • Continued and ongoing damage can leads to many short and long term complications.

Process for Diagnosis

  • Step 1 – Blood test
    most common – TTG-IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase
  • Step 2 – Biopsy

*** If you suspect you have celiac disease, do not start a gluten free diet, until you have spoken with a doctor and gotten a proper diagnosis.

 

Treatment

Gluten Free Diet – For Life

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