About Celiac Disease
- Celiac disease affects 1% of the population, although the majority of celiac individuals are currently undiagnosed.
- Celiac disease is not an allergy, it’s an autoimmune disease.
Genes + Environmental Trigger = Autoimmune Insult
- Celiac Disease is unique because it’s the only auto-immune disorder where medical professionals know the environmental trigger, which is gluten.
Symptoms of Celiac Disease
According The Canadian Celiac Association the following are possible symptoms.
|Indigestion and Nausea||Migraine||Indigestion and nausea|
|Abdominal bloating, pain, cramping or gas||Lactose Intolerance||Anemia|
|Extreme weakness & fatigue||Constipation||Weight Loss|
|Deficiency of Vitamins||Mouth ulcers / canker sores||Bone / Joint pain|
|Recurring / persistent diarrhea||Swelling of ankles and hands||Depression|
|Menstrual irregularities||Infertility / miscarriages|
Additional Symptoms in Children
|Delayed growth||Delayed puberty||Vomiting|
|Irritability & behavioural changes||Dental enamel abnormalities|
What happens when someone with celiac disease eats gluten
When someone with celiac disease ingests any gluten, even small amounts, an immunological response is triggered. This causes damage in the small intestines and the villi break.
- Villi: “one of the minute finger-shaped processes of the mucous membrane of the small intestine that serve in the absorption of nutriment”
- Continued and ongoing damage can leads to many short and long term complications.
Process for Diagnosis
- Step 1 – Blood test
most common – TTG-IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase
- Step 2 – Biopsy
*** If you suspect you have celiac disease, do not start a gluten free diet, until you have spoken with a doctor and gotten a proper diagnosis.
Gluten Free Diet – For Life